This medieval town arose together with the chateau and castle of the same name. Still today, Frýdlant is the largest town lying along the river Smědá. Frýdlant obtained its rights as a city around 1537. Over time, the city's ownership changed hands. Its greatest flourishing occurred under the rule of Albrecht von Wallenstein. Thanks to the fact that the city is the natural center of the Frýdlant Headland, an entire series of rare cultural monuments were built here, leading to its eventual declaration as a protected monument zone.